SDBM provides a simple file-based key-value store, which can only store String keys and values.

Note that Ruby comes with the source code for SDBM, while the DBM and GDBM standard libraries rely on external libraries and headers.

Examples

Insert values:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db['apple'] = 'fruit'
  db['pear'] = 'fruit'
  db['carrot'] = 'vegetable'
  db['tomato'] = 'vegetable'
end

Bulk update:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db.update('peach' => 'fruit', 'tomato' => 'fruit')
end

Retrieve values:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db.each do |key, value|
    puts "Key: #{key}, Value: #{value}"
  end
end

Outputs:

Key: apple, Value: fruit
Key: pear, Value: fruit
Key: carrot, Value: vegetable
Key: peach, Value: fruit
Key: tomato, Value: fruit
Methods
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Included Modules
Class Public methods
SDBM.new(filename, mode = 0666)

Creates a new database handle by opening the given filename. SDBM actually uses two physical files, with extensions '.dir' and '.pag'. These extensions will automatically be appended to the filename.

If the file does not exist, a new file will be created using the given mode, unless mode is explicitly set to nil. In the latter case, no database will be created.

If the file exists, it will be opened in read/write mode. If this fails, it will be opened in read-only mode.

static VALUE
fsdbm_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    volatile VALUE file;
    VALUE vmode;
    DBM *dbm;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    int mode;

    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &file, &vmode) == 1) {
        mode = 0666;           /* default value */
    }
    else if (NIL_P(vmode)) {
        mode = -1;             /* return nil if DB not exist */
    }
    else {
        mode = NUM2INT(vmode);
    }
    FilePathValue(file);

    dbm = 0;
    if (mode >= 0)
        dbm = sdbm_open(RSTRING_PTR(file), O_RDWR|O_CREAT, mode);
    if (!dbm)
        dbm = sdbm_open(RSTRING_PTR(file), O_RDWR, 0);
    if (!dbm)
        dbm = sdbm_open(RSTRING_PTR(file), O_RDONLY, 0);

    if (!dbm) {
        if (mode == -1) return Qnil;
        rb_sys_fail_str(file);
    }

    dbmp = ALLOC(struct dbmdata);
    DATA_PTR(obj) = dbmp;
    dbmp->di_dbm = dbm;
    dbmp->di_size = -1;

    return obj;
}
SDBM.open(filename, mode = 0666)
SDBM.open(filename, mode = 0666) { |sdbm| ... }

If called without a block, this is the same as ::new.

If a block is given, the new database will be passed to the block and will be safely closed after the block has executed.

Example:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open('my_database') do |db|
  db['hello'] = 'world'
end
static VALUE
fsdbm_s_open(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE obj = fsdbm_alloc(klass);

    if (NIL_P(fsdbm_initialize(argc, argv, obj))) {
        return Qnil;
    }

    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
        return rb_ensure(rb_yield, obj, fsdbm_close, obj);
    }

    return obj;
}
Instance Public methods
sdbm[key] → value or nil

Returns the value in the database associated with the given key string.

If no value is found, returns nil.

static VALUE
fsdbm_aref(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    return fsdbm_fetch(obj, keystr, Qnil);
}
sdbm[key] = value → value

Stores a new value in the database with the given key as an index.

If the key already exists, this will update the value associated with the key.

Returns the given value.

static VALUE
fsdbm_store(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr, VALUE valstr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    if (valstr == Qnil) {
        fsdbm_delete(obj, keystr);
        return Qnil;
    }

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    ExportStringValue(valstr);

    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    val.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(valstr);
    val.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(valstr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    dbmp->di_size = -1;
    if (sdbm_store(dbm, key, val, DBM_REPLACE)) {
#ifdef HAVE_DBM_CLAERERR
        sdbm_clearerr(dbm);
#endif
        if (errno == EPERM) rb_sys_fail(0);
        rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "sdbm_store failed");
    }

    return valstr;
}
sdbm.clear → self

Deletes all data from the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_clear(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    dbmp->di_size = -1;
    while (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm), key.dptr) {
        if (sdbm_delete(dbm, key)) {
            rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "sdbm_delete failed");
        }
    }
    dbmp->di_size = 0;

    return obj;
}
sdbm.close → nil

Closes the database file.

Raises SDBMError if the database is already closed.

static VALUE
fsdbm_close(VALUE obj)
{
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;

    GetDBM(obj, dbmp);
    sdbm_close(dbmp->di_dbm);
    dbmp->di_dbm = 0;

    return Qnil;
}
sdbm.closed? → true or false

Returns true if the database is closed.

static VALUE
fsdbm_closed(VALUE obj)
{
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(obj, struct dbmdata, &sdbm_type, dbmp);
    if (dbmp == 0)
        return Qtrue;
    if (dbmp->di_dbm == 0)
        return Qtrue;

    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.delete(key) → value or nil
sdbm.delete(key) { |key, value| ... }

Deletes the key-value pair corresponding to the given key. If the key exists, the deleted value will be returned, otherwise nil.

If a block is provided, the deleted key and value will be passed to the block as arguments. If the key does not exist in the database, the value will be nil.

static VALUE
fsdbm_delete(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    datum key, value;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE valstr;

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    dbmp->di_size = -1;

    value = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    if (value.dptr == 0) {
        if (rb_block_given_p()) return rb_yield(keystr);
        return Qnil;
    }

    /* need to save value before sdbm_delete() */
    valstr = rb_external_str_new(value.dptr, value.dsize);

    if (sdbm_delete(dbm, key)) {
        dbmp->di_size = -1;
        rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "dbm_delete failed");
    }
    else if (dbmp->di_size >= 0) {
        dbmp->di_size--;
    }
    return valstr;
}
sdbm.delete_if { |key, value| ... } → self

Iterates over the key-value pairs in the database, deleting those for which the block returns true.

static VALUE
fsdbm_delete_if(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;
    VALUE ret, ary = rb_ary_new();
    long i;
    int status = 0, n;

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    n = dbmp->di_size;
    dbmp->di_size = -1;
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
        valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
        ret = rb_protect(rb_yield, rb_assoc_new(rb_str_dup(keystr), valstr), &status);
        if (status != 0) break;
        if (RTEST(ret)) rb_ary_push(ary, keystr);
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }

    for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(ary); i++) {
        keystr = RARRAY_AREF(ary, i);
        ExportStringValue(keystr);
        key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
        key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);
        if (sdbm_delete(dbm, key)) {
            rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "sdbm_delete failed");
        }
    }
    if (status) rb_jump_tag(status);
    if (n > 0) dbmp->di_size = n - RARRAY_LENINT(ary);

    return obj;
}
sdbm.each
sdbm.each { |key, value| ... }
sdbm.each_pair
sdbm.each_pair { |key, value| ... }

Iterates over each key-value pair in the database.

If no block is given, returns an Enumerator.

static VALUE
fsdbm_each_pair(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    DBM *dbm;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(obj, 0, 0);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
        valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
        rb_yield(rb_assoc_new(keystr, valstr));
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }

    return obj;
}
sdbm.each_key
sdbm.each_key { |key| ... }

Iterates over each key in the database.

If no block is given, returns an Enumerator.

static VALUE
fsdbm_each_key(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(obj, 0, 0);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        rb_yield(rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize));
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }
    return obj;
}
sdbm.each_pair
sdbm.each_pair { |key, value| ... }

Iterates over each key-value pair in the database.

If no block is given, returns an Enumerator.

static VALUE
fsdbm_each_pair(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    DBM *dbm;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(obj, 0, 0);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
        valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
        rb_yield(rb_assoc_new(keystr, valstr));
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }

    return obj;
}
sdbm.each_value
sdbm.each_value { |value| ... }

Iterates over each value in the database.

If no block is given, returns an Enumerator.

static VALUE
fsdbm_each_value(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(obj, 0, 0);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        rb_yield(rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize));
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }
    return obj;
}
sdbm.empty? → true or false

Returns true if the database is empty.

static VALUE
fsdbm_empty_p(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    GetDBM(obj, dbmp);
    if (dbmp->di_size < 0) {
        dbm = dbmp->di_dbm;

        for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
            return Qfalse;
        }
    }
    else {
        if (dbmp->di_size)
            return Qfalse;
    }
    return Qtrue;
}
sdbm.fetch(key) → value or nil
sdbm.fetch(key) { |key| ... }

Returns the value in the database associated with the given key string.

If a block is provided, the block will be called when there is no value associated with the given key. The key will be passed in as an argument to the block.

If no block is provided and no value is associated with the given key, then an IndexError will be raised.

static VALUE
fsdbm_fetch_m(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE keystr, valstr, ifnone;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &keystr, &ifnone);
    valstr = fsdbm_fetch(obj, keystr, ifnone);
    if (argc == 1 && !rb_block_given_p() && NIL_P(valstr))
        rb_raise(rb_eIndexError, "key not found");

    return valstr;
}
sdbm.has_key?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given key.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_key(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    if (val.dptr) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.has_value?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given value.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_value(VALUE obj, VALUE valstr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(valstr);
    val.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(valstr);
    val.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(valstr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        if (val.dsize == RSTRING_LENINT(valstr) &&
            memcmp(val.dptr, RSTRING_PTR(valstr), val.dsize) == 0)
            return Qtrue;
    }
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.include?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given key.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_key(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    if (val.dptr) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.invert → Hash

Returns a Hash in which the key-value pairs have been inverted.

Example:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db.update('apple' => 'fruit', 'spinach' => 'vegetable')

  db.invert  #=> {"fruit" => "apple", "vegetable" => "spinach"}
end
static VALUE
fsdbm_invert(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;
    VALUE hash = rb_hash_new();

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
        valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
        rb_hash_aset(hash, valstr, keystr);
    }
    return hash;
}
sdbm.key(value) → key

Returns the key associated with the given value. If more than one key corresponds to the given value, then the first key to be found will be returned. If no keys are found, nil will be returned.

static VALUE
fsdbm_key(VALUE obj, VALUE valstr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(valstr);
    val.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(valstr);
    val.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(valstr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        if (val.dsize == RSTRING_LEN(valstr) &&
            memcmp(val.dptr, RSTRING_PTR(valstr), val.dsize) == 0)
            return rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
    }
    return Qnil;
}
sdbm.key?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given key.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_key(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    if (val.dptr) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.keys → Array

Returns a new Array containing the keys in the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_keys(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE ary;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    ary = rb_ary_new();
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        rb_ary_push(ary, rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize));
    }

    return ary;
}
sdbm.length → integer

Returns the number of keys in the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_length(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    int i = 0;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    if (dbmp->di_size > 0) return INT2FIX(dbmp->di_size);

    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        i++;
    }
    dbmp->di_size = i;

    return INT2FIX(i);
}
sdbm.member?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given key.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_key(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    if (val.dptr) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.reject { |key, value| ... } → Hash

Creates a new Hash using the key-value pairs from the database, then calls Hash#reject with the given block, which returns a Hash with only the key-value pairs for which the block returns false.

static VALUE
fsdbm_reject(VALUE obj)
{
    return rb_hash_delete_if(fsdbm_to_hash(obj));
}
sdbm.reject! { |key, value| ... } → self

Iterates over the key-value pairs in the database, deleting those for which the block returns true.

static VALUE
fsdbm_delete_if(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;
    VALUE ret, ary = rb_ary_new();
    long i;
    int status = 0, n;

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    n = dbmp->di_size;
    dbmp->di_size = -1;
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
        valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
        ret = rb_protect(rb_yield, rb_assoc_new(rb_str_dup(keystr), valstr), &status);
        if (status != 0) break;
        if (RTEST(ret)) rb_ary_push(ary, keystr);
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }

    for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(ary); i++) {
        keystr = RARRAY_AREF(ary, i);
        ExportStringValue(keystr);
        key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
        key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);
        if (sdbm_delete(dbm, key)) {
            rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "sdbm_delete failed");
        }
    }
    if (status) rb_jump_tag(status);
    if (n > 0) dbmp->di_size = n - RARRAY_LENINT(ary);

    return obj;
}
sdbm.replace(pairs) → self

Empties the database, then inserts the given key-value pairs.

This method will work with any object which implements an #each_pair method, such as a Hash.

static VALUE
fsdbm_replace(VALUE obj, VALUE other)
{
    fsdbm_clear(obj);
    rb_block_call(other, rb_intern("each_pair"), 0, 0, update_i, obj);
    return obj;
}
sdbm.select { |key, value| ... } → Array

Returns a new Array of key-value pairs for which the block returns true.

Example:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db['apple'] = 'fruit'
  db['pear'] = 'fruit'
  db['spinach'] = 'vegetable'

  veggies = db.select do |key, value|
    value == 'vegetable'
  end #=> [["apple", "fruit"], ["pear", "fruit"]]
end
static VALUE
fsdbm_select(VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE new = rb_ary_new();
    datum key, val;
    DBM *dbm;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        VALUE assoc, v;
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        assoc = rb_assoc_new(rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize),
                             rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize));
        v = rb_yield(assoc);
        if (RTEST(v)) {
            rb_ary_push(new, assoc);
        }
        GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    }

    return new;
}
sdbm.shift → Array or nil

Removes a key-value pair from the database and returns them as an Array. If the database is empty, returns nil.

static VALUE
fsdbm_shift(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE keystr, valstr;

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm);
    if (!key.dptr) return Qnil;
    val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
    keystr = rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize);
    valstr = rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize);
    sdbm_delete(dbm, key);
    if (dbmp->di_size >= 0) {
        dbmp->di_size--;
    }

    return rb_assoc_new(keystr, valstr);
}
sdbm.size → integer

Returns the number of keys in the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_length(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    int i = 0;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    if (dbmp->di_size > 0) return INT2FIX(dbmp->di_size);

    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        i++;
    }
    dbmp->di_size = i;

    return INT2FIX(i);
}
sdbm.store(key, value) → value

Stores a new value in the database with the given key as an index.

If the key already exists, this will update the value associated with the key.

Returns the given value.

static VALUE
fsdbm_store(VALUE obj, VALUE keystr, VALUE valstr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    if (valstr == Qnil) {
        fsdbm_delete(obj, keystr);
        return Qnil;
    }

    fdbm_modify(obj);
    ExportStringValue(keystr);
    ExportStringValue(valstr);

    key.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(keystr);
    key.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(keystr);

    val.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(valstr);
    val.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(valstr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    dbmp->di_size = -1;
    if (sdbm_store(dbm, key, val, DBM_REPLACE)) {
#ifdef HAVE_DBM_CLAERERR
        sdbm_clearerr(dbm);
#endif
        if (errno == EPERM) rb_sys_fail(0);
        rb_raise(rb_eDBMError, "sdbm_store failed");
    }

    return valstr;
}
sdbm.to_a → Array

Returns a new Array containing each key-value pair in the database.

Example:

require 'sdbm'

SDBM.open 'my_database' do |db|
  db.update('apple' => 'fruit', 'spinach' => 'vegetable')

  db.to_a  #=> [["apple", "fruit"], ["spinach", "vegetable"]]
end
static VALUE
fsdbm_to_a(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE ary;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    ary = rb_ary_new();
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        rb_ary_push(ary, rb_assoc_new(rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize),
                                      rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize)));
    }

    return ary;
}
sdbm.to_hash → Hash

Returns a new Hash containing each key-value pair in the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_to_hash(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE hash;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    hash = rb_hash_new();
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_external_str_new(key.dptr, key.dsize),
                           rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize));
    }

    return hash;
}
sdbm.update(pairs) → self

Insert or update key-value pairs.

This method will work with any object which implements an #each_pair method, such as a Hash.

static VALUE
fsdbm_update(VALUE obj, VALUE other)
{
    rb_block_call(other, rb_intern("each_pair"), 0, 0, update_i, obj);
    return obj;
}
sdbm.value?(key) → true or false

Returns true if the database contains the given value.

static VALUE
fsdbm_has_value(VALUE obj, VALUE valstr)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;

    ExportStringValue(valstr);
    val.dptr = RSTRING_PTR(valstr);
    val.dsize = RSTRING_LENINT(valstr);

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        if (val.dsize == RSTRING_LENINT(valstr) &&
            memcmp(val.dptr, RSTRING_PTR(valstr), val.dsize) == 0)
            return Qtrue;
    }
    return Qfalse;
}
sdbm.values → Array

Returns a new Array containing the values in the database.

static VALUE
fsdbm_values(VALUE obj)
{
    datum key, val;
    struct dbmdata *dbmp;
    DBM *dbm;
    VALUE ary;

    GetDBM2(obj, dbmp, dbm);
    ary = rb_ary_new();
    for (key = sdbm_firstkey(dbm); key.dptr; key = sdbm_nextkey(dbm)) {
        val = sdbm_fetch(dbm, key);
        rb_ary_push(ary, rb_external_str_new(val.dptr, val.dsize));
    }

    return ary;
}
sdbm.values_at(key, ...) → Array

Returns an Array of values corresponding to the given keys.

static VALUE
fsdbm_values_at(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE new = rb_ary_new2(argc);
    int i;

    for (i=0; i<argc; i++) {
        rb_ary_push(new, fsdbm_fetch(obj, argv[i], Qnil));
    }

    return new;
}