fileutils.rb

Copyright © 2000-2007 Minero Aoki

This program is free software. You can distribute/modify this program under the same terms of ruby.

module FileUtils

Namespace for several file utility methods for copying, moving, removing, etc.

Module Functions

cd(dir, options)
cd(dir, options) {|dir| .... }
pwd()
mkdir(dir, options)
mkdir(list, options)
mkdir_p(dir, options)
mkdir_p(list, options)
rmdir(dir, options)
rmdir(list, options)
ln(old, new, options)
ln(list, destdir, options)
ln_s(old, new, options)
ln_s(list, destdir, options)
ln_sf(src, dest, options)
cp(src, dest, options)
cp(list, dir, options)
cp_r(src, dest, options)
cp_r(list, dir, options)
mv(src, dest, options)
mv(list, dir, options)
rm(list, options)
rm_r(list, options)
rm_rf(list, options)
install(src, dest, mode = <src's>, options)
chmod(mode, list, options)
chmod_R(mode, list, options)
chown(user, group, list, options)
chown_R(user, group, list, options)
touch(list, options)

The options parameter is a hash of options, taken from the list :force, :noop, :preserve, and :verbose. :noop means that no changes are made. The other two are obvious. Each method documents the options that it honours.

All methods that have the concept of a “source” file or directory can take either one file or a list of files in that argument. See the method documentation for examples.

There are some `low level' methods, which do not accept any option:

copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = false)
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
copy_stream(srcstream, deststream)
remove_entry(path, force = false)
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
remove_file(path, force = false)
compare_file(path_a, path_b)
compare_stream(stream_a, stream_b)
uptodate?(file, cmp_list)

module FileUtils::Verbose

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but it outputs messages before acting. This equates to passing the :verbose flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::NoWrite

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::DryRun

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop and :verbose flags to methods in FileUtils.

Namespace
Methods
A
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Included Modules
Constants
OPT_TABLE = {}
 

This hash table holds command options.

LOW_METHODS = singleton_methods(false) - collect_method(:noop).map(&:intern)
 
METHODS = singleton_methods() - [:private_module_function, :commands, :options, :have_option?, :options_of, :collect_method]
 
RUBY = ENV['RUBY'] || File.join( RbConfig::CONFIG['bindir'], RbConfig::CONFIG['ruby_install_name'] + RbConfig::CONFIG['EXEEXT']). sub(/.*\s.*/m, '"\&"')
 

Path to the currently running Ruby program

LN_SUPPORTED = [true]
 
Class Public methods
cd(dir, options = {})

Options: verbose

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  [...]               # do something
end                   # return to original directory
Also aliased as: chdir
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 122
def cd(dir, options = {}, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cd']
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if options[:verbose]
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if options[:verbose] and block
end
chdir(dir, options = {})
Alias for: cd
chmod(mode, list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 991
def chmod(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod %s %s', mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chmod(fu_mode(mode, path))
  end
end
chmod_R(mode, list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose force

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1013
def chmod_R(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod -R%s %s %s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chmod(fu_mode(mode, ent.path))
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end
chown(user, group, list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1046
def chown(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown %s %s',
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chown uid, gid
  end
end
chown_R(user, group, list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose force

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1075
def chown_R(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown -R%s %s %s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chown uid, gid
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end
cmp(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
compare_file(a, b)

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false
Also aliased as: identical?, cmp
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 812
def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end
compare_stream(a, b)

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 830
def compare_stream(a, b)
  bsize = fu_stream_blksize(a, b)
  sa = ""
  sb = ""
  begin
    a.read(bsize, sa)
    b.read(bsize, sb)
    return true if sa.empty? && sb.empty?
  end while sa == sb
  false
end
copy(src, dest, options = {})
Alias for: cp
copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 465
def copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
  Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference_root).wrap_traverse(proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    File.unlink destent.path if remove_destination && File.file?(destent.path)
    ent.copy destent.path
  end, proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    ent.copy_metadata destent.path if preserve
  end)
end
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 481
def copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
  ent = Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference)
  ent.copy_file dest
  ent.copy_metadata dest if preserve
end
copy_stream(src, dest)

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to read(n) and dest must respond to write(str).

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 493
def copy_stream(src, dest)
  IO.copy_stream(src, dest)
end
cp(src, dest, options = {})

Options: preserve noop verbose

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink
Also aliased as: copy
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 395
def cp(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp']
  fu_output_message "cp#{options[:preserve] ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, options[:preserve]
  end
end
cp_r(src, dest, options = {})

Options: preserve noop verbose dereference_root remove_destination

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', :force
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/aamine/lib/ruby', :noop => true, :verbose => true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 434
def cp_r(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp_r']
  fu_output_message "cp -r#{options[:preserve] ? 'p' : ''}#{options[:remove_destination] ? ' --remove-destination' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  options = options.dup
  options[:dereference_root] = true unless options.key?(:dereference_root)
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_entry s, d, options[:preserve], options[:dereference_root], options[:remove_destination]
  end
end
getwd()
Alias for: pwd
identical?(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
install(src, dest, options = {})

Options: mode preserve noop verbose

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', :mode => 0755, :verbose => true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 853
def install(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['install']
  fu_output_message "install -c#{options[:preserve] && ' -p'}#{options[:mode] ? (' -m 0%o' % options[:mode]) : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    st = File.stat(s)
    unless File.exist?(d) and compare_file(s, d)
      remove_file d, true
      copy_file s, d
      File.utime st.atime, st.mtime, d if options[:preserve]
      File.chmod options[:mode], d if options[:mode]
    end
  end
end
Alias for: ln
ln(src, dest, options = {})

Options: force noop verbose

ln(old, new, options = {})

Creates a hard link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', :verbose => true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

ln(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several hard links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

include FileUtils
cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.
Also aliased as: link
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 310
def ln(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln']
  fu_output_message "ln#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.link s, d
  end
end
ln_s(src, dest, options = {})

Options: force noop verbose

ln_s(old, new, options = {})

Creates a symbolic link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a symbolic link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', :force => true

ln_s(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several symbolic links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('bin/*.rb'), '/home/aamine/bin'
Also aliased as: symlink
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 349
def ln_s(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_s']
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end
ln_sf(src, dest, options = {})

Options: noop verbose

Same as

#ln_s(src, dest, :force => true)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 372
def ln_sf(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_sf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  ln_s src, dest, options
end
makedirs(list, options = {})
Alias for: mkdir_p
mkdir(list, options = {})

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w( tmp data )
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', :noop => true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', :mode => 0700
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 172
def mkdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |dir|
    fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
  end
end
mkdir_p(list, options = {})

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

* /usr
* /usr/local
* /usr/local/lib
* /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.

Also aliased as: mkpath, makedirs
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 202
def mkdir_p(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir_p']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return *list if options[:noop]

  list.map {|path| remove_tailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, options[:mode]
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end
mkpath(list, options = {})
Alias for: mkdir_p
move(src, dest, options = {})
Alias for: mv
mv(src, dest, options = {})

Options: force noop verbose

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/aamine/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true
Also aliased as: move
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 510
def mv(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mv']
  fu_output_message "mv#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, d
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if options[:secure]
          remove_entry_secure s, options[:force]
        else
          remove_entry s, options[:force]
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless options[:force]
    end
  end
end
pwd()

Options: (none)

Returns the name of the current directory.

Also aliased as: getwd
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 100
def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end
remove(list, options = {})
Alias for: rm
remove_dir(path, force = false)

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 801
def remove_dir(path, force = false)
  remove_entry path, force   # FIXME?? check if it is a directory
end
remove_entry(path, force = false)

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 773
def remove_entry(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of rm_r. rm_r causes security hole when:

* Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).
* Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.
* The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2005-0448
http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0452

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 696
def remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
  unless fu_have_symlink?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  fullpath = File.expand_path(path)
  st = File.lstat(fullpath)
  unless st.directory?
    File.unlink fullpath
    return
  end
  # is a directory.
  parent_st = File.stat(File.dirname(fullpath))
  unless parent_st.world_writable?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  unless parent_st.sticky?
    raise ArgumentError, "parent directory is world writable, FileUtils#remove_entry_secure does not work; abort: #{path.inspect} (parent directory mode #{'%o' % parent_st.mode})"
  end
  # freeze tree root
  euid = Process.euid
  File.open(fullpath + '/.') {|f|
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, f.stat)
      # symlink (TOC-to-TOU attack?)
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
    f.chown euid, -1
    f.chmod 0700
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, File.lstat(fullpath))
      # TOC-to-TOU attack?
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
  }
  # ---- tree root is frozen ----
  root = Entry_.new(path)
  root.preorder_traverse do |ent|
    if ent.directory?
      ent.chown euid, -1
      ent.chmod 0700
    end
  end
  root.postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_file(path, force = false)

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 790
def remove_file(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).remove_file
rescue
  raise unless force
end
rm(list, options = {})

Options: force noop verbose

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception
Also aliased as: remove
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 562
def rm(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, options[:force]
  end
end
rm_f(list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose

Equivalent to

#rm(list, :force => true)
Also aliased as: safe_unlink
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 587
def rm_f(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_f']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm list, options
end
rm_r(list, options = {})

Options: force noop verbose secure

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r '/', :force => true          #  :-)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is :secure=>false.

NOTE: This method calls remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 622
def rm_r(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_r']
  # options[:secure] = true unless options.key?(:secure)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm -r#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    if options[:secure]
      remove_entry_secure path, options[:force]
    else
      remove_entry path, options[:force]
    end
  end
end
rm_rf(list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose secure

Equivalent to

#rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of rm_r first.

Also aliased as: rmtree
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 650
def rm_rf(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_rf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm_r list, options
end
rmdir(list, options = {})

Options: noop, verbose

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', :verbose => true, :noop => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 265
def rmdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rmdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  parents = options[:parents]
  fu_output_message "rmdir #{parents ? '-p ' : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |dir|
    begin
      Dir.rmdir(dir = remove_tailing_slash(dir))
      if parents
        until (parent = File.dirname(dir)) == '.' or parent == dir
          dir = parent
          Dir.rmdir(dir)
        end
      end
    rescue Errno::ENOTEMPTY, Errno::EEXIST, Errno::ENOENT
    end
  end
end
rmtree(list, options = {})
Alias for: rm_rf
Alias for: rm_f
Alias for: ln_s
touch(list, options = {})

Options: noop verbose

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1151
def touch(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['touch']
  list = fu_list(list)
  nocreate = options[:nocreate]
  t = options[:mtime]
  if options[:verbose]
    fu_output_message "touch #{nocreate ? '-c ' : ''}#{t ? t.strftime('-t %Y%m%d%H%M.%S ') : ''}#{list.join ' '}"
  end
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    created = nocreate
    begin
      File.utime(t, t, path)
    rescue Errno::ENOENT
      raise if created
      File.open(path, 'a') {
        ;
      }
      created = true
      retry if t
    end
  end
end
uptodate?(new, old_list)

Options: (none)

Returns true if newer is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or \
    system 'make hello.o'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 145
def uptodate?(new, old_list)
  return false unless File.exist?(new)
  new_time = File.mtime(new)
  old_list.each do |old|
    if File.exist?(old)
      return false unless new_time > File.mtime(old)
    end
  end
  true
end
Instance Public methods
apply_mask(mode, user_mask, op, mode_mask)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 889
def apply_mask(mode, user_mask, op, mode_mask)
  case op
  when '='
    (mode & ~user_mask) | (user_mask & mode_mask)
  when '+'
    mode | (user_mask & mode_mask)
  when '-'
    mode & ~(user_mask & mode_mask)
  end
end
remove_tailing_slash(dir)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 157
def remove_tailing_slash(dir)
  dir == '/' ? dir : dir.chomp(?/)
end
ruby(*args, &block)

Run a Ruby interpreter with the given arguments.

Example:

ruby %{-pe '$_.upcase!' <README}
# File lib/rake/file_utils.rb, line 79
def ruby(*args, &block)
  options = (Hash === args.last) ? args.pop : {}
  if args.length > 1
    sh(*([RUBY] + args + [options]), &block)
  else
    sh("#{RUBY} #{args.first}", options, &block)
  end
end
safe_ln(*args)

Attempt to do a normal file link, but fall back to a copy if the link fails.

# File lib/rake/file_utils.rb, line 92
def safe_ln(*args)
  if ! LN_SUPPORTED[0]
    cp(*args)
  else
    begin
      ln(*args)
    rescue StandardError, NotImplementedError
      LN_SUPPORTED[0] = false
      cp(*args)
    end
  end
end
sh(*cmd, &block)

Run the system command cmd. If multiple arguments are given the command is not run with the shell (same semantics as Kernel::exec and Kernel::system).

Example:

sh %{ls -ltr}

sh 'ls', 'file with spaces'

# check exit status after command runs
sh %{grep pattern file} do |ok, res|
  if ! ok
    puts "pattern not found (status = #{res.exitstatus})"
  end
end
# File lib/rake/file_utils.rb, line 33
def sh(*cmd, &block)
  options = (Hash === cmd.last) ? cmd.pop : {}
  shell_runner = block_given? ? block : create_shell_runner(cmd)
  set_verbose_option(options)
  options[:noop] ||= Rake::FileUtilsExt.nowrite_flag
  Rake.rake_check_options options, :noop, :verbose
  Rake.rake_output_message cmd.join(" ") if options[:verbose]

  unless options[:noop]
    res = rake_system(*cmd)
    status = $?
    status = Rake::PseudoStatus.new(1) if !res && status.nil?
    shell_runner.call(res, status)
  end
end
split_all(path)

Split a file path into individual directory names.

Example:

split_all("a/b/c") =>  ['a', 'b', 'c']
# File lib/rake/file_utils.rb, line 110
def split_all(path)
  head, tail = File.split(path)
  return [tail] if head == '.' || tail == '/'
  return [head, tail] if head == '/'
  return split_all(head) + [tail]
end