Methods
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Instance Public methods
each_with_object(memo)

Iterates over a collection, passing the current element andthe memoto the block. Handy for building up hashes or reducing collections down to one object. Examples:

%w(foo bar).each_with_object({}) { |str, hsh| hsh[str] = str.upcase }
# => {'foo' => 'FOO', 'bar' => 'BAR'}

Notethat you can't use immutable objects like numbers, true or false as the memo. You would think the following returns 120, but since the memo is never changed, it does not.

(1..5).each_with_object(1) { |value, memo| memo *= value } # => 1
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 79
def each_with_object(memo)
  return to_enum :each_with_object, memo unless block_given?
  each do |element|
    yield element, memo
  end
  memo
end
exclude?(object)

The negative of the Enumerable#include?. Returns true if the collection does not include the object.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 114
def exclude?(object)
  !include?(object)
end
group_by()

Collect an enumerable into sets, grouped by the result of a block. Useful, for example, for grouping records by date.

Example:

latest_transcripts.group_by(&:day).each do |day, transcripts|
  p "#{day} -> #{transcripts.map(&:class).join(', ')}"
end
"2006-03-01 -> Transcript"
"2006-02-28 -> Transcript"
"2006-02-27 -> Transcript, Transcript"
"2006-02-26 -> Transcript, Transcript"
"2006-02-25 -> Transcript"
"2006-02-24 -> Transcript, Transcript"
"2006-02-23 -> Transcript"
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 22
def group_by
  return to_enum :group_by unless block_given?
  assoc = ActiveSupport::OrderedHash.new

  each do |element|
    key = yield(element)

    if assoc.has_key?(key)
      assoc[key] << element
    else
      assoc[key] = [element]
    end
  end

  assoc
end
index_by()

Convert an enumerable to a hash. Examples:

people.index_by(&:login)
  => { "nextangle" => <Person ...>, "chade-" => <Person ...>, ...}
people.index_by { |person| "#{person.first_name} #{person.last_name}" }
  => { "Chade- Fowlersburg-e" => <Person ...>, "David Heinemeier Hansson" => <Person ...>, ...}
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 94
def index_by
  return to_enum :index_by unless block_given?
  Hash[map { |elem| [yield(elem), elem] }]
end
many?()

Returns true if the enumerable has more than 1 element. Functionally equivalent to enum.to_a.size > 1. Can be called with a block too, much like any?, so people.many? { |p| p.age > 26 }returns true if more than one person is over 26.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 101
def many?
  cnt = 0
  if block_given?
    any? do |element|
      cnt += 1 if yield element
      cnt > 1
    end
  else
    any?{ (cnt += 1) > 1 }
  end
end
sum(identity = 0, &block)

Calculates a sum from the elements. Examples:

payments.sum { |p| p.price * p.tax_rate }
payments.sum(&:price)

The latter is a shortcut for:

payments.inject(0) { |sum, p| sum + p.price }

It can also calculate the sum without the use of a block.

[5, 15, 10].sum # => 30
["foo", "bar"].sum # => "foobar"
[[1, 2], [3, 1, 5]].sum => [1, 2, 3, 1, 5]

The default sum of an empty list is zero. You can override this default:

[].sum(Payment.new(0)) { |i| i.amount } # => Payment.new(0)
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb, line 58
def sum(identity = 0, &block)
  if block_given?
    map(&block).sum(identity)
  else
    inject(:+) || identity
  end
end