Methods
H
J
Constants
HTML_ESCAPE = { '&' => '&amp;', '>' => '&gt;', '<' => '&lt;', '"' => '&quot;', "'" => '&#x27;' }
 
JSON_ESCAPE = { '&' => '\u0026', '>' => '\u003E', '<' => '\u003C' }
 
Class Public methods
h(s)
Alias for: html_escape
html_escape(s)

A utility method for escaping HTML tag characters. This method is also aliased as h.

In your ERB templates, use this method to escape any unsafe content. For example:

<%=h @person.name %>

Example:

puts html_escape("is a > 0 & a < 10?")
# => is a &gt; 0 &amp; a &lt; 10?
Also aliased as: h
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/string/output_safety.rb, line 19
def html_escape(s)
  s = s.to_s
  if s.html_safe?
    s
  else
    s.gsub(/[&"'><]/, HTML_ESCAPE).html_safe
  end
end
j(s)
Alias for: json_escape
json_escape(s)

A utility method for escaping HTML entities in JSON strings using uXXXX JavaScript escape sequences for string literals:

json_escape("is a > 0 & a < 10?")
# => is a \u003E 0 \u0026 a \u003C 10?

Note that after this operation is performed the output is not valid JSON. In particular double quotes are removed:

json_escape('{"name":"john","created_at":"2010-04-28T01:39:31Z","id":1}')
# => {name:john,created_at:2010-04-28T01:39:31Z,id:1}

This method is also aliased as j, and available as a helper in Rails templates:

<%=j @person.to_json %>
Also aliased as: j
# File activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/string/output_safety.rb, line 64
def json_escape(s)
  result = s.to_s.gsub(/[&"><]/) { |special| JSON_ESCAPE[special] }
  s.html_safe? ? result.html_safe : result
end