Allows programmers to programmatically define a schema in a portable DSL. This means you can define tables, indexes, etc. without using SQL directly, so your applications can more easily support multiple databases.

Usage:

ActiveRecord::Schema.define do
  create_table :authors do |t|
    t.string :name, :null => false
  end
  add_index :authors, :name, :unique
  create_table :posts do |t|
    t.integer :author_id, :null => false
    t.string :subject
    t.text :body
    t.boolean :private, :default => false
  end
  add_index :posts, :author_id
end

ActiveRecord::Schema is only supported by database adapters that also support migrations, the two features being very similar.

Methods
D
M
Class Public methods
define(info={}, &block)

Eval the given block. All methods available to the current connection adapter are available within the block, so you can easily use the database definition DSL to build up your schema ( create_table, add_index, etc.).

The infohash is optional, and if given is used to define metadata about the current schema (currently, only the schema's version):

ActiveRecord::Schema.define(:version => 20380119000001) do
  ...
end
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/schema.rb, line 46
def self.define(info={}, &block)
  instance_eval(&block)
  unless info[:version].blank?
    initialize_schema_migrations_table
    assume_migrated_upto_version(info[:version], migrations_path)
  end
end
migrations_path()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/schema.rb, line 31
def self.migrations_path
  ActiveRecord::Migrator.migrations_path
end