Methods
M
Constants
MIME_TYPES = { ".123" => "application/vnd.lotus-1-2-3", ".3dml" => "text/vnd.in3d.3dml", ".3g2" => "video/3gpp2", ".3gp" => "video/3gpp", ".a" => "application/octet-stream", ".acc" => "application/vnd.americandynamics.acc", ".ace" => "application/x-ace-compressed", ".acu" => "application/vnd.acucobol", ".aep" => "application/vnd.audiograph", ".afp" => "application/vnd.ibm.modcap", ".ai" => "application/postscript", ".aif" => "audio/x-aiff", ".aiff" => "audio/x-aiff", ".ami" => "application/vnd.amiga.ami", ".appcache" => "text/cache-manifest", ".apr" => "application/vnd.lotus-approach", ".asc" => "application/pgp-signature", ".asf" => "video/x-ms-asf", ".asm" => "text/x-asm", ".aso" => "application/vnd.accpac.simply.aso", ".asx" => "video/x-ms-asf", ".atc" => "application/vnd.acucorp", ".atom" => "application/atom+xml", ".atomcat" => "application/atomcat+xml", ".atomsvc" => "application/atomsvc+xml", ".atx" => "application/vnd.antix.game-component", ".au" => "audio/basic", ".avi" => "video/x-msvideo", ".bat" => "application/x-msdownload", ".bcpio" => "application/x-bcpio", ".bdm" => "application/vnd.syncml.dm+wbxml", ".bh2" => "application/vnd.fujitsu.oasysprs", ".bin" => "application/octet-stream", ".bmi" => "application/vnd.bmi", ".bmp" => "image/bmp", ".box" => "application/vnd.previewsystems.box", ".btif" => "image/prs.btif", ".bz" => "application/x-bzip", ".bz2" => "application/x-bzip2", ".c" => "text/x-c", ".c4g" => "application/vnd.clonk.c4group", ".cab" => "application/vnd.ms-cab-compressed", ".cc" => "text/x-c", ".ccxml" => "application/ccxml+xml", ".cdbcmsg" => "application/vnd.contact.cmsg", ".cdkey" => "application/vnd.mediastation.cdkey", ".cdx" => "chemical/x-cdx", ".cdxml" => "application/vnd.chemdraw+xml", ".cdy" => "application/vnd.cinderella", ".cer" => "application/pkix-cert", ".cgm" => "image/cgm", ".chat" => "application/x-chat", ".chm" => "application/vnd.ms-htmlhelp", ".chrt" => "application/vnd.kde.kchart", ".cif" => "chemical/x-cif", ".cii" => "application/vnd.anser-web-certificate-issue-initiation", ".cil" => "application/vnd.ms-artgalry", ".cla" => "application/vnd.claymore", ".class" => "application/octet-stream", ".clkk" => "application/vnd.crick.clicker.keyboard", ".clkp" => "application/vnd.crick.clicker.palette", ".clkt" => "application/vnd.crick.clicker.template", ".clkw" => "application/vnd.crick.clicker.wordbank", ".clkx" => "application/vnd.crick.clicker", ".clp" => "application/x-msclip", ".cmc" => "application/vnd.cosmocaller", ".cmdf" => "chemical/x-cmdf", ".cml" => "chemical/x-cml", ".cmp" => "application/vnd.yellowriver-custom-menu", ".cmx" => "image/x-cmx", ".com" => "application/x-msdownload", ".conf" => "text/plain", ".cpio" => "application/x-cpio", ".cpp" => "text/x-c", ".cpt" => "application/mac-compactpro", ".crd" => "application/x-mscardfile", ".crl" => "application/pkix-crl", ".crt" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert", ".csh" => "application/x-csh", ".csml" => "chemical/x-csml", ".csp" => "application/vnd.commonspace", ".css" => "text/css", ".csv" => "text/csv", ".curl" => "application/vnd.curl", ".cww" => "application/prs.cww", ".cxx" => "text/x-c", ".daf" => "application/vnd.mobius.daf", ".davmount" => "application/davmount+xml", ".dcr" => "application/x-director", ".dd2" => "application/vnd.oma.dd2+xml", ".ddd" => "application/vnd.fujixerox.ddd", ".deb" => "application/x-debian-package", ".der" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert", ".dfac" => "application/vnd.dreamfactory", ".diff" => "text/x-diff", ".dis" => "application/vnd.mobius.dis", ".djv" => "image/vnd.djvu", ".djvu" => "image/vnd.djvu", ".dll" => "application/x-msdownload", ".dmg" => "application/octet-stream", ".dna" => "application/vnd.dna", ".doc" => "application/msword", ".docm" => "application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12", ".docx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document", ".dot" => "application/msword", ".dotm" => "application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12", ".dotx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template", ".dp" => "application/vnd.osgi.dp", ".dpg" => "application/vnd.dpgraph", ".dsc" => "text/prs.lines.tag", ".dtd" => "application/xml-dtd", ".dts" => "audio/vnd.dts", ".dtshd" => "audio/vnd.dts.hd", ".dv" => "video/x-dv", ".dvi" => "application/x-dvi", ".dwf" => "model/vnd.dwf", ".dwg" => "image/vnd.dwg", ".dxf" => "image/vnd.dxf", ".dxp" => "application/vnd.spotfire.dxp", ".ear" => "application/java-archive", ".ecelp4800" => "audio/vnd.nuera.ecelp4800", ".ecelp7470" => "audio/vnd.nuera.ecelp7470", ".ecelp9600" => "audio/vnd.nuera.ecelp9600", ".ecma" => "application/ecmascript", ".edm" => "application/vnd.novadigm.edm", ".edx" => "application/vnd.novadigm.edx", ".efif" => "application/vnd.picsel", ".ei6" => "application/vnd.pg.osasli", ".eml" => "message/rfc822", ".eol" => "audio/vnd.digital-winds", ".eot" => "application/vnd.ms-fontobject", ".eps" => "application/postscript", ".es3" => "application/vnd.eszigno3+xml", ".esf" => "application/vnd.epson.esf", ".etx" => "text/x-setext", ".exe" => "application/x-msdownload", ".ext" => "application/vnd.novadigm.ext", ".ez" => "application/andrew-inset", ".ez2" => "application/vnd.ezpix-album", ".ez3" => "application/vnd.ezpix-package", ".f" => "text/x-fortran", ".f77" => "text/x-fortran", ".f90" => "text/x-fortran", ".fbs" => "image/vnd.fastbidsheet", ".fdf" => "application/vnd.fdf", ".fe_launch" => "application/vnd.denovo.fcselayout-link", ".fg5" => "application/vnd.fujitsu.oasysgp", ".fli" => "video/x-fli", ".flo" => "application/vnd.micrografx.flo", ".flv" => "video/x-flv", ".flw" => "application/vnd.kde.kivio", ".flx" => "text/vnd.fmi.flexstor", ".fly" => "text/vnd.fly", ".fm" => "application/vnd.framemaker", ".fnc" => "application/vnd.frogans.fnc", ".for" => "text/x-fortran", ".fpx" => "image/vnd.fpx", ".fsc" => "application/vnd.fsc.weblaunch", ".fst" => "image/vnd.fst", ".ftc" => "application/vnd.fluxtime.clip", ".fti" => "application/vnd.anser-web-funds-transfer-initiation", ".fvt" => "video/vnd.fvt", ".fzs" => "application/vnd.fuzzysheet", ".g3" => "image/g3fax", ".gac" => "application/vnd.groove-account", ".gdl" => "model/vnd.gdl", ".gem" => "application/octet-stream", ".gemspec" => "text/x-script.ruby", ".ghf" => "application/vnd.groove-help", ".gif" => "image/gif", ".gim" => "application/vnd.groove-identity-message", ".gmx" => "application/vnd.gmx", ".gph" => "application/vnd.flographit", ".gqf" => "application/vnd.grafeq", ".gram" => "application/srgs", ".grv" => "application/vnd.groove-injector", ".grxml" => "application/srgs+xml", ".gtar" => "application/x-gtar", ".gtm" => "application/vnd.groove-tool-message", ".gtw" => "model/vnd.gtw", ".gv" => "text/vnd.graphviz", ".gz" => "application/x-gzip", ".h" => "text/x-c", ".h261" => "video/h261", ".h263" => "video/h263", ".h264" => "video/h264", ".hbci" => "application/vnd.hbci", ".hdf" => "application/x-hdf", ".hh" => "text/x-c", ".hlp" => "application/winhlp", ".hpgl" => "application/vnd.hp-hpgl", ".hpid" => "application/vnd.hp-hpid", ".hps" => "application/vnd.hp-hps", ".hqx" => "application/mac-binhex40", ".htc" => "text/x-component", ".htke" => "application/vnd.kenameaapp", ".htm" => "text/html", ".html" => "text/html", ".hvd" => "application/vnd.yamaha.hv-dic", ".hvp" => "application/vnd.yamaha.hv-voice", ".hvs" => "application/vnd.yamaha.hv-script", ".icc" => "application/vnd.iccprofile", ".ice" => "x-conference/x-cooltalk", ".ico" => "image/vnd.microsoft.icon", ".ics" => "text/calendar", ".ief" => "image/ief", ".ifb" => "text/calendar", ".ifm" => "application/vnd.shana.informed.formdata", ".igl" => "application/vnd.igloader", ".igs" => "model/iges", ".igx" => "application/vnd.micrografx.igx", ".iif" => "application/vnd.shana.informed.interchange", ".imp" => "application/vnd.accpac.simply.imp", ".ims" => "application/vnd.ms-ims", ".ipk" => "application/vnd.shana.informed.package", ".irm" => "application/vnd.ibm.rights-management", ".irp" => "application/vnd.irepository.package+xml", ".iso" => "application/octet-stream", ".itp" => "application/vnd.shana.informed.formtemplate", ".ivp" => "application/vnd.immervision-ivp", ".ivu" => "application/vnd.immervision-ivu", ".jad" => "text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor", ".jam" => "application/vnd.jam", ".jar" => "application/java-archive", ".java" => "text/x-java-source", ".jisp" => "application/vnd.jisp", ".jlt" => "application/vnd.hp-jlyt", ".jnlp" => "application/x-java-jnlp-file", ".joda" => "application/vnd.joost.joda-archive", ".jp2" => "image/jp2", ".jpeg" => "image/jpeg", ".jpg" => "image/jpeg", ".jpgv" => "video/jpeg", ".jpm" => "video/jpm", ".js" => "application/javascript", ".json" => "application/json", ".karbon" => "application/vnd.kde.karbon", ".kfo" => "application/vnd.kde.kformula", ".kia" => "application/vnd.kidspiration", ".kml" => "application/vnd.google-earth.kml+xml", ".kmz" => "application/vnd.google-earth.kmz", ".kne" => "application/vnd.kinar", ".kon" => "application/vnd.kde.kontour", ".kpr" => "application/vnd.kde.kpresenter", ".ksp" => "application/vnd.kde.kspread", ".ktz" => "application/vnd.kahootz", ".kwd" => "application/vnd.kde.kword", ".latex" => "application/x-latex", ".lbd" => "application/vnd.llamagraphics.life-balance.desktop", ".lbe" => "application/vnd.llamagraphics.life-balance.exchange+xml", ".les" => "application/vnd.hhe.lesson-player", ".link66" => "application/vnd.route66.link66+xml", ".log" => "text/plain", ".lostxml" => "application/lost+xml", ".lrm" => "application/vnd.ms-lrm", ".ltf" => "application/vnd.frogans.ltf", ".lvp" => "audio/vnd.lucent.voice", ".lwp" => "application/vnd.lotus-wordpro", ".m3u" => "audio/x-mpegurl", ".m4a" => "audio/mp4a-latm", ".m4v" => "video/mp4", ".ma" => "application/mathematica", ".mag" => "application/vnd.ecowin.chart", ".man" => "text/troff", ".manifest" => "text/cache-manifest", ".mathml" => "application/mathml+xml", ".mbk" => "application/vnd.mobius.mbk", ".mbox" => "application/mbox", ".mc1" => "application/vnd.medcalcdata", ".mcd" => "application/vnd.mcd", ".mdb" => "application/x-msaccess", ".mdi" => "image/vnd.ms-modi", ".mdoc" => "text/troff", ".me" => "text/troff", ".mfm" => "application/vnd.mfmp", ".mgz" => "application/vnd.proteus.magazine", ".mid" => "audio/midi", ".midi" => "audio/midi", ".mif" => "application/vnd.mif", ".mime" => "message/rfc822", ".mj2" => "video/mj2", ".mlp" => "application/vnd.dolby.mlp", ".mmd" => "application/vnd.chipnuts.karaoke-mmd", ".mmf" => "application/vnd.smaf", ".mml" => "application/mathml+xml", ".mmr" => "image/vnd.fujixerox.edmics-mmr", ".mng" => "video/x-mng", ".mny" => "application/x-msmoney", ".mov" => "video/quicktime", ".movie" => "video/x-sgi-movie", ".mp3" => "audio/mpeg", ".mp4" => "video/mp4", ".mp4a" => "audio/mp4", ".mp4s" => "application/mp4", ".mp4v" => "video/mp4", ".mpc" => "application/vnd.mophun.certificate", ".mpeg" => "video/mpeg", ".mpg" => "video/mpeg", ".mpga" => "audio/mpeg", ".mpkg" => "application/vnd.apple.installer+xml", ".mpm" => "application/vnd.blueice.multipass", ".mpn" => "application/vnd.mophun.application", ".mpp" => "application/vnd.ms-project", ".mpy" => "application/vnd.ibm.minipay", ".mqy" => "application/vnd.mobius.mqy", ".mrc" => "application/marc", ".ms" => "text/troff", ".mscml" => "application/mediaservercontrol+xml", ".mseq" => "application/vnd.mseq", ".msf" => "application/vnd.epson.msf", ".msh" => "model/mesh", ".msi" => "application/x-msdownload", ".msl" => "application/vnd.mobius.msl", ".msty" => "application/vnd.muvee.style", ".mts" => "model/vnd.mts", ".mus" => "application/vnd.musician", ".mvb" => "application/x-msmediaview", ".mwf" => "application/vnd.mfer", ".mxf" => "application/mxf", ".mxl" => "application/vnd.recordare.musicxml", ".mxml" => "application/xv+xml", ".mxs" => "application/vnd.triscape.mxs", ".mxu" => "video/vnd.mpegurl", ".n" => "application/vnd.nokia.n-gage.symbian.install", ".nc" => "application/x-netcdf", ".ngdat" => "application/vnd.nokia.n-gage.data", ".nlu" => "application/vnd.neurolanguage.nlu", ".nml" => "application/vnd.enliven", ".nnd" => "application/vnd.noblenet-directory", ".nns" => "application/vnd.noblenet-sealer", ".nnw" => "application/vnd.noblenet-web", ".npx" => "image/vnd.net-fpx", ".nsf" => "application/vnd.lotus-notes", ".oa2" => "application/vnd.fujitsu.oasys2", ".oa3" => "application/vnd.fujitsu.oasys3", ".oas" => "application/vnd.fujitsu.oasys", ".obd" => "application/x-msbinder", ".oda" => "application/oda", ".odc" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.chart", ".odf" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.formula", ".odg" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics", ".odi" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.image", ".odp" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation", ".ods" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet", ".odt" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text", ".oga" => "audio/ogg", ".ogg" => "application/ogg", ".ogv" => "video/ogg", ".ogx" => "application/ogg", ".org" => "application/vnd.lotus-organizer", ".otc" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.chart-template", ".otf" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.formula-template", ".otg" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics-template", ".oth" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-web", ".oti" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.image-template", ".otm" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-master", ".ots" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet-template", ".ott" => "application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text-template", ".oxt" => "application/vnd.openofficeorg.extension", ".p" => "text/x-pascal", ".p10" => "application/pkcs10", ".p12" => "application/x-pkcs12", ".p7b" => "application/x-pkcs7-certificates", ".p7m" => "application/pkcs7-mime", ".p7r" => "application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp", ".p7s" => "application/pkcs7-signature", ".pas" => "text/x-pascal", ".pbd" => "application/vnd.powerbuilder6", ".pbm" => "image/x-portable-bitmap", ".pcl" => "application/vnd.hp-pcl", ".pclxl" => "application/vnd.hp-pclxl", ".pcx" => "image/x-pcx", ".pdb" => "chemical/x-pdb", ".pdf" => "application/pdf", ".pem" => "application/x-x509-ca-cert", ".pfr" => "application/font-tdpfr", ".pgm" => "image/x-portable-graymap", ".pgn" => "application/x-chess-pgn", ".pgp" => "application/pgp-encrypted", ".pic" => "image/x-pict", ".pict" => "image/pict", ".pkg" => "application/octet-stream", ".pki" => "application/pkixcmp", ".pkipath" => "application/pkix-pkipath", ".pl" => "text/x-script.perl", ".plb" => "application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-large", ".plc" => "application/vnd.mobius.plc", ".plf" => "application/vnd.pocketlearn", ".pls" => "application/pls+xml", ".pm" => "text/x-script.perl-module", ".pml" => "application/vnd.ctc-posml", ".png" => "image/png", ".pnm" => "image/x-portable-anymap", ".pntg" => "image/x-macpaint", ".portpkg" => "application/vnd.macports.portpkg", ".pot" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint", ".potm" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12", ".potx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template", ".ppa" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint", ".ppam" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12", ".ppd" => "application/vnd.cups-ppd", ".ppm" => "image/x-portable-pixmap", ".pps" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint", ".ppsm" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12", ".ppsx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow", ".ppt" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint", ".pptm" => "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12", ".pptx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation", ".prc" => "application/vnd.palm", ".pre" => "application/vnd.lotus-freelance", ".prf" => "application/pics-rules", ".ps" => "application/postscript", ".psb" => "application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-small", ".psd" => "image/vnd.adobe.photoshop", ".ptid" => "application/vnd.pvi.ptid1", ".pub" => "application/x-mspublisher", ".pvb" => "application/vnd.3gpp.pic-bw-var", ".pwn" => "application/vnd.3m.post-it-notes", ".py" => "text/x-script.python", ".pya" => "audio/vnd.ms-playready.media.pya", ".pyv" => "video/vnd.ms-playready.media.pyv", ".qam" => "application/vnd.epson.quickanime", ".qbo" => "application/vnd.intu.qbo", ".qfx" => "application/vnd.intu.qfx", ".qps" => "application/vnd.publishare-delta-tree", ".qt" => "video/quicktime", ".qtif" => "image/x-quicktime", ".qxd" => "application/vnd.quark.quarkxpress", ".ra" => "audio/x-pn-realaudio", ".rake" => "text/x-script.ruby", ".ram" => "audio/x-pn-realaudio", ".rar" => "application/x-rar-compressed", ".ras" => "image/x-cmu-raster", ".rb" => "text/x-script.ruby", ".rcprofile" => "application/vnd.ipunplugged.rcprofile", ".rdf" => "application/rdf+xml", ".rdz" => "application/vnd.data-vision.rdz", ".rep" => "application/vnd.businessobjects", ".rgb" => "image/x-rgb", ".rif" => "application/reginfo+xml", ".rl" => "application/resource-lists+xml", ".rlc" => "image/vnd.fujixerox.edmics-rlc", ".rld" => "application/resource-lists-diff+xml", ".rm" => "application/vnd.rn-realmedia", ".rmp" => "audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin", ".rms" => "application/vnd.jcp.javame.midlet-rms", ".rnc" => "application/relax-ng-compact-syntax", ".roff" => "text/troff", ".rpm" => "application/x-redhat-package-manager", ".rpss" => "application/vnd.nokia.radio-presets", ".rpst" => "application/vnd.nokia.radio-preset", ".rq" => "application/sparql-query", ".rs" => "application/rls-services+xml", ".rsd" => "application/rsd+xml", ".rss" => "application/rss+xml", ".rtf" => "application/rtf", ".rtx" => "text/richtext", ".ru" => "text/x-script.ruby", ".s" => "text/x-asm", ".saf" => "application/vnd.yamaha.smaf-audio", ".sbml" => "application/sbml+xml", ".sc" => "application/vnd.ibm.secure-container", ".scd" => "application/x-msschedule", ".scm" => "application/vnd.lotus-screencam", ".scq" => "application/scvp-cv-request", ".scs" => "application/scvp-cv-response", ".sdkm" => "application/vnd.solent.sdkm+xml", ".sdp" => "application/sdp", ".see" => "application/vnd.seemail", ".sema" => "application/vnd.sema", ".semd" => "application/vnd.semd", ".semf" => "application/vnd.semf", ".setpay" => "application/set-payment-initiation", ".setreg" => "application/set-registration-initiation", ".sfd" => "application/vnd.hydrostatix.sof-data", ".sfs" => "application/vnd.spotfire.sfs", ".sgm" => "text/sgml", ".sgml" => "text/sgml", ".sh" => "application/x-sh", ".shar" => "application/x-shar", ".shf" => "application/shf+xml", ".sig" => "application/pgp-signature", ".sit" => "application/x-stuffit", ".sitx" => "application/x-stuffitx", ".skp" => "application/vnd.koan", ".slt" => "application/vnd.epson.salt", ".smi" => "application/smil+xml", ".snd" => "audio/basic", ".so" => "application/octet-stream", ".spf" => "application/vnd.yamaha.smaf-phrase", ".spl" => "application/x-futuresplash", ".spot" => "text/vnd.in3d.spot", ".spp" => "application/scvp-vp-response", ".spq" => "application/scvp-vp-request", ".src" => "application/x-wais-source", ".srx" => "application/sparql-results+xml", ".sse" => "application/vnd.kodak-descriptor", ".ssf" => "application/vnd.epson.ssf", ".ssml" => "application/ssml+xml", ".stf" => "application/vnd.wt.stf", ".stk" => "application/hyperstudio", ".str" => "application/vnd.pg.format", ".sus" => "application/vnd.sus-calendar", ".sv4cpio" => "application/x-sv4cpio", ".sv4crc" => "application/x-sv4crc", ".svd" => "application/vnd.svd", ".svg" => "image/svg+xml", ".svgz" => "image/svg+xml", ".swf" => "application/x-shockwave-flash", ".swi" => "application/vnd.arastra.swi", ".t" => "text/troff", ".tao" => "application/vnd.tao.intent-module-archive", ".tar" => "application/x-tar", ".tbz" => "application/x-bzip-compressed-tar", ".tcap" => "application/vnd.3gpp2.tcap", ".tcl" => "application/x-tcl", ".tex" => "application/x-tex", ".texi" => "application/x-texinfo", ".texinfo" => "application/x-texinfo", ".text" => "text/plain", ".tif" => "image/tiff", ".tiff" => "image/tiff", ".tmo" => "application/vnd.tmobile-livetv", ".torrent" => "application/x-bittorrent", ".tpl" => "application/vnd.groove-tool-template", ".tpt" => "application/vnd.trid.tpt", ".tr" => "text/troff", ".tra" => "application/vnd.trueapp", ".trm" => "application/x-msterminal", ".tsv" => "text/tab-separated-values", ".ttf" => "application/octet-stream", ".twd" => "application/vnd.simtech-mindmapper", ".txd" => "application/vnd.genomatix.tuxedo", ".txf" => "application/vnd.mobius.txf", ".txt" => "text/plain", ".ufd" => "application/vnd.ufdl", ".umj" => "application/vnd.umajin", ".unityweb" => "application/vnd.unity", ".uoml" => "application/vnd.uoml+xml", ".uri" => "text/uri-list", ".ustar" => "application/x-ustar", ".utz" => "application/vnd.uiq.theme", ".uu" => "text/x-uuencode", ".vcd" => "application/x-cdlink", ".vcf" => "text/x-vcard", ".vcg" => "application/vnd.groove-vcard", ".vcs" => "text/x-vcalendar", ".vcx" => "application/vnd.vcx", ".vis" => "application/vnd.visionary", ".viv" => "video/vnd.vivo", ".vrml" => "model/vrml", ".vsd" => "application/vnd.visio", ".vsf" => "application/vnd.vsf", ".vtu" => "model/vnd.vtu", ".vxml" => "application/voicexml+xml", ".war" => "application/java-archive", ".wav" => "audio/x-wav", ".wax" => "audio/x-ms-wax", ".wbmp" => "image/vnd.wap.wbmp", ".wbs" => "application/vnd.criticaltools.wbs+xml", ".wbxml" => "application/vnd.wap.wbxml", ".webm" => "video/webm", ".wm" => "video/x-ms-wm", ".wma" => "audio/x-ms-wma", ".wmd" => "application/x-ms-wmd", ".wmf" => "application/x-msmetafile", ".wml" => "text/vnd.wap.wml", ".wmlc" => "application/vnd.wap.wmlc", ".wmls" => "text/vnd.wap.wmlscript", ".wmlsc" => "application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc", ".wmv" => "video/x-ms-wmv", ".wmx" => "video/x-ms-wmx", ".wmz" => "application/x-ms-wmz", ".woff" => "application/font-woff", ".woff2" => "application/font-woff2", ".wpd" => "application/vnd.wordperfect", ".wpl" => "application/vnd.ms-wpl", ".wps" => "application/vnd.ms-works", ".wqd" => "application/vnd.wqd", ".wri" => "application/x-mswrite", ".wrl" => "model/vrml", ".wsdl" => "application/wsdl+xml", ".wspolicy" => "application/wspolicy+xml", ".wtb" => "application/vnd.webturbo", ".wvx" => "video/x-ms-wvx", ".x3d" => "application/vnd.hzn-3d-crossword", ".xar" => "application/vnd.xara", ".xbd" => "application/vnd.fujixerox.docuworks.binder", ".xbm" => "image/x-xbitmap", ".xdm" => "application/vnd.syncml.dm+xml", ".xdp" => "application/vnd.adobe.xdp+xml", ".xdw" => "application/vnd.fujixerox.docuworks", ".xenc" => "application/xenc+xml", ".xer" => "application/patch-ops-error+xml", ".xfdf" => "application/vnd.adobe.xfdf", ".xfdl" => "application/vnd.xfdl", ".xhtml" => "application/xhtml+xml", ".xif" => "image/vnd.xiff", ".xla" => "application/vnd.ms-excel", ".xlam" => "application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12", ".xls" => "application/vnd.ms-excel", ".xlsb" => "application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12", ".xlsx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet", ".xlsm" => "application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12", ".xlt" => "application/vnd.ms-excel", ".xltx" => "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template", ".xml" => "application/xml", ".xo" => "application/vnd.olpc-sugar", ".xop" => "application/xop+xml", ".xpm" => "image/x-xpixmap", ".xpr" => "application/vnd.is-xpr", ".xps" => "application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument", ".xpw" => "application/vnd.intercon.formnet", ".xsl" => "application/xml", ".xslt" => "application/xslt+xml", ".xsm" => "application/vnd.syncml+xml", ".xspf" => "application/xspf+xml", ".xul" => "application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml", ".xwd" => "image/x-xwindowdump", ".xyz" => "chemical/x-xyz", ".yaml" => "text/yaml", ".yml" => "text/yaml", ".zaz" => "application/vnd.zzazz.deck+xml", ".zip" => "application/zip", ".zmm" => "application/vnd.handheld-entertainment+xml", }
 

List of most common mime-types, selected various sources according to their usefulness in a webserving scope for Ruby users.

To amend this list with your local mime.types list you can use:

require 'webrick/httputils'
list = WEBrick::HTTPUtils.load_mime_types('/etc/mime.types')
Rack::Mime::MIME_TYPES.merge!(list)

N.B. On Ubuntu the mime.types file does not include the leading period, so users may need to modify the data before merging into the hash.

Class Public methods
match?(value, matcher)

Returns true if the given value is a mime match for the given mime match specification, false otherwise.

Rack::Mime.match?('text/html', 'text/*') => true
Rack::Mime.match?('text/plain', '*') => true
Rack::Mime.match?('text/html', 'application/json') => false
# File lib/rack/mime.rb, line 28
def match?(value, matcher)
  v1, v2 = value.split('/', 2)
  m1, m2 = matcher.split('/', 2)

  (m1 == '*' || v1 == m1) && (m2.nil? || m2 == '*' || m2 == v2)
end
mime_type(ext, fallback='application/octet-stream')

Returns String with mime type if found, otherwise use fallback. ext should be filename extension in the '.ext' format that

File.extname(file) returns.

fallback may be any object

Also see the documentation for MIME_TYPES

Usage:

Rack::Mime.mime_type('.foo')

This is a shortcut for:

Rack::Mime::MIME_TYPES.fetch('.foo', 'application/octet-stream')
# File lib/rack/mime.rb, line 16
def mime_type(ext, fallback='application/octet-stream')
  MIME_TYPES.fetch(ext.to_s.downcase, fallback)
end